You can never go wrong with adding jasmine to your flower garden or living room. These plants come in white, yellow, and pink flowers and are primarily divided into two categories: the climbers and the bushy ones. Here, you’ll find different varieties suitable for your garden area.
The best time to plant jasmines is spring through fall because these plants enjoy warm, tropical temperatures. There are, however, different varieties of jasmine plants that can grow during autumn or winter. Jasmine is pretty easy to grow and propagate with cuttings.
This post will highlight when to plant jasmines and let you know whether they are easy to grow. We’ll also cover their companion plants, how long they take to grow and whether they can survive winter.
When to Plant Jasmine?
You can plant jasmine seeds (on Amazon) anytime from June to November. This plant usually flowers in spring, summer, or winter, depending on when you sow them. So, you can cultivate jasmine for the summer in spring or fall and plant winter jasmine during autumn or winter.
Before planting jasmine, you should consider:
Jasmines usually withstand hot and humid weather thanks to their tropical nature. Therefore, you can maintain their temperature at around 60 and 75°F. Once the plant has bloomed, you can store it in a chilly environment, not colder than 41 °F.
Jasmine plants require a lot of water, particularly during the blooming season. The soil should be slightly damp, so you should constantly water the plant weekly and whenever you find it dry. You should, however, avoid overwatering it lest you slow down its growth.
Jasmine can grow in many different types of soils, including both acidic and alkaline soils with a pH of 6.0 to 7.5. The soil should also be rich, porous, and contain an organic mixture that includes bark, peat, and other materials.
Jasmines enjoy direct bright sunlight. For indoor jasmines, ensure they get sun exposure of about four hours daily by placing them in front of a window facing downwards. Over winter, they usually don’t need much sunlight.
Jasmines do well with fertilizers that have more phosphorus than potassium and nitrogen as they extend their blooming period. A 7-9-5 fertilizer (7 percent of nitrogen, 9 percent of phosphorus, and 5 percent of potassium) is the perfect choice for your Jasmine.
The nitrogen supports the growth of nutritious green leaves, phosphorus helps with the fast development of flowers, and potassium strengthens the jasmine roots.
Over spring and summer, you can administer liquid fertilizer after every two weeks. However, indoor jasmine should be fertilized a minimum of 2 times annually.
How to Plant Jasmines
First, dig a planting hole and put grit inside to enhance drainage. Next, add manure to nourish the plant and increase its flowering. Then, backfill the area with soil.
If you want it to climb up (a wall, trellis, or fence), introduce a cane facing the support structure, so they lean in the proper direction, usually toward the sunlight. Afterward, feed your jasmines with plenty of potash weekly during summer so they remain healthy and productive.
How to Propagate Jasmines
You can propagate jasmines through cutting or layers. For those in the outdoors, use hardwood cuttings collected during winter.
On the other hand, the delicate and indoor varieties will do well with softwood cuttings collected over the spring or summer. The cutting’s top should have around two to three-leaf sets and be around three inches long.
Planting the cutting in a soil mixture with peat moss, sand, and other well-draining soil types will assist it in taking root. To promote growth, enclose the plant with a plastic tent made from a plastic bag. You should then set the plant in a bright area at 65°F.
You will notice new growth in around a month, confirming the plant’s rooting. After it fills the starter container, transplant the new plant during early spring.
Is Jasmine Plant Easy to Grow?
Yes. Jasmine plants are straightforward to grow. However, if you plan to grow jasmines from a nursery, look for the ones with firm, healthy stems, and leaves.
Spring or fall are the best times to grow summer jasmines in your garden. Most jasmine plants thrive outdoors under protection, but you should shelter the tender types by storing them in a greenhouse over the winter.
You can also comfortably grow your plants in pots with a diameter of 45cm. You just need proper support so that you can move them around effortlessly.
Maintaining the Jasmine Plant
Like any other plant, jasmine does well with proper maintenance, especially when they are relatively young. The good news is they are easy to care for.
Here are some practices you can incorporate:
Support the climbing type of jasmine by training the young vines. Immediately they start to germinate, carefully connect the stems to a support structure like a wall, fence, or trellis. In the case of a trellis, weave them through the openings. This way, they’ll quickly shoot up through the structure.
First, remove injured, ill, or dead stems from the jasmine plant before pruning to avoid spreading disease. You should then trim off stems that are twisted or no longer in bloom. Cut the stems stretching away from the plant to maintain the trained Jasmines neat and orderly.
Prune your jasmines as soon as they flower to give them time to develop before their next season. Then, just pinch the tips between your finger and fingernail. Doing it correctly and constantly will encourage rapid growth and ample foliage.
Preventing Pests and Diseases
Mealybugs, scales, and mold are the most common enemies of your jasmine plants, often hindering their growth. Mealybugs and scales suck fluids off the jasmine’s leaves, leaving a yellow and brown bump, respectively. When left unchecked, they can ruin your entire vine.
Mold occurs as a result of honeydew excretions left behind by the bugs. As a result, fungi are attracted to it. At high levels, mold limits the plant’s photosynthesis, eventually stopping its growth.
To curb fungal problems, treat the plant with baking soda spray and ensure it has lots of aeration. If the issues persist, thoroughly wash the pot and the roots to eliminate the sickness.
Making a soapy concoction to spray on the plant’s leaves will also help destroy the majority of pests that can harm your jasmine plants. If you, however, know the pest, use an insecticide spray to target it.
What Plants Go Well with Jasmine?
Jasmine goes well with plants with the same soil, sun, and irrigation requirements. Ideally, they should thrive under rich well, drained soil, proper watering, and enough sunlight.
It is relatively easy to find companion plants, but you first have to identify the species of jasmine you are dealing with. That said, jasmines never go wrong with Clematis vines which complement them and thrive under similar conditions.
Additionally, the strikingly different colors of the Clematis vines enhance the beauty of jasmines.
If your jasmine plant produces yellow flowers, for instance, plant them next to dark blue clematis. These bell-shaped blue flowers of the marsh clematis species flourish throughout summer, coloring your garden. If, on the other hand, your jasmine yields white flowers, deep purple clematis blossoms will offer excellent companionship.
The deep blue Clematis vines flowers like the Julka can shoot up to 12 feet, while the Jackmanii will go up to 8 feet.
How Long Does Jasmine Take to Grow?
Jasmines have a fast growth rate. They grow from about 3 feet to 6 feet in a year. During this time, they grow gradually because most of the nutrients are in growing the roots. But within a few years, under the right conditions, the jasmine can reach heights of 18 to 20 feet and a width of roughly 20 feet.
Here is a quick jasmine growth overview (with the measurements in feet):
Time Growth progress Highest possible height
Year 1: 3 2 to 3
Year 2: 3 to 6 9
Year 3: 3 to 6 15
Year 4: 3 to 6 21
Does Jasmine Survive Winter?
Yes. Jasmines can survive through winter.
Generally, these plants prefer a warm, tropical environment, but they are hardy enough to withstand cold temperatures. Many gardeners, however, prefer growing them in containers for the flexibility of taking them indoors during winter.
When you move jasmine indoors due to the frosting, do it gradually over approximately a week to give it time to adjust to receiving less sunlight. For instance, you can carry the plant inside at night and remove it in the morning.
When it’s time to leave it permanently inside, please put it in the room with the brightest sunlight.
Which Jasmine Plant Smells the Best?
There is nothing as refreshing as the natural scent of jasmine. The following jasmine plants are best based on their popularity from the massive research conducted on them.
The Arabian Jasmine comes in many names, including the Grand Duke Supreme or the Grand Duke of Tuscany. It stands out for its lovely white flowers that bloom all year and its inviting, gentle, soft scent—so inviting that some brands have made tea out of it!
Apart from its beautiful flowers, it also produces shiny and pigmented leaves that you cannot ignore. Moreover, the Grand Duke Supreme will not take up much of your space vertically, shooting up to 9.8 ft from around 1.6. So you can grow it outdoors or indoors to enjoy its heavenly scent.
Poet’s Jasmine, widely known as Common Jasmine, is almost as popular as Arabian Jasmine. Thanks to its robust and beautiful smell, it is used in making perfumes. It surprisingly takes about ten years to reach its maximum height of 30 ft from 13 ft.
It is also called Catalonian or Royal Jasmine. Spanish Jasmine has a striking resemblance to Poet’s Jasmine, and you can quickly get confused. It has a sharp but mild scent. In addition, you can use the Royal Jasmine flower for hair routines, with its leaves serving as a herbal treatment in India. It grows from around 6.5 to 13 ft tall.
Also known as Angelwing Jasmine, Jasmine Nitidum is long and spiky with a distinctive shape. Occasionally, it produces a lovely, light scent, but it usually doesn’t smell, so forget about it infusing your air. It blossoms over the winter and can grow up to 6.5 ft tall.
What stands out about Twisted Jasmine is its rich, beautiful scent that amazes people. It smells like the lily of the valley with a touch of a fruity citrus flavor. To top up its lovely aroma, it bears white flowers throughout the year. However, it flowers at its best during spring and can grow up to 25 ft tall.
Its yellow flowers stand out from the rest of the jasmines. And true to their name, they emit a showy, exceptional fragrance you cannot ignore.
If you want a feel of nature in your area, their green foliage and yellow blooms will not disappoint you. It blossoms from early summer through October and shoots from 3 to 5 ft.
Of all known jasmines, Pink Jasmines have the most potent fragrance. They have a highly appealing, refreshing, and energizing scent that falls between Officinale. J and Angular. J. They are also the perfect type of jasmine to leave in your living room all day because of their fragrance.
You’ll see Pink Jasmine blooming from late winter until early summer. With proper support, it can reach up to 25 ft.